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WebMD HealthWebMD HealthStaying Trim, Strong May Cut Incontinence RiskWeight Loss Tips You Haven’t Heard BeforePot May Restrict Blood Flow to Brain: Study

http://www.webmd.com/ WebMD Health – Trustworthy, Credible and Timely Health Information. The content of this feed is confidential and proprietary. It may not be distributed, copied or otherwise reproduced without express written permission from WebMD. http://www.webmd.com/ http://a1977.g.akamai.net/f/1977/1448/1d/webmd.download.akamai.com/1448/rss/rss-webmd-logo.gif http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/news/20161230/staying-trim-strong-may-cut-risk-of-urinary-incontinence?src=RSS_PUBLIC http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/news/20161230/staying-trim-strong-may-cut-risk-of-urinary-incontinence?src=RSS_PUBLIC <div><img src=”http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/logos/webmd/web/webmd-logo-fb.jpg” class=”ff-og-image-inserted”/></div><p>But for women in study, these factors only helped with one type of incontinence</p> <p><br/>WebMD News from HealthDay</p> <p>By Cecilia Lalama</p> <p xmlns:xalan=”http://xml.apache.org/xalan”><em>HealthDay Reporter</em></p> <p>FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) — <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/default.htm”>Urinary incontinence</a> is a widespread complaint among women, but a new study suggests that older women may find relief from this frustrating problem if they’re slimmer and stronger.</p> <p>The study followed nearly 1,500 women in their 70s for three years. Researchers found that a decrease in <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://weightloss.webmd.com/”>body mass index</a> of 5 percent or more during that time led to a 50 percent reduction in the risk of new or persistent <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/balance/stress-management/default.htm”>stress</a> <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/ss/slideshow-incontinence-in-women”>urinary incontinence</a>.</p> <p>Body mass index (BMI) is a rough estimate of a person’s body fat based on height and weight. For example, a woman who’s 5 feet 6 inches tall who weighs 175 pounds has a BMI of 28.2. If she lost 5 percent of her BMI, it would be 26.8, which translates to a weight loss of about 9 pounds.</p> <p>The study also showed that a decrease in grip strength of 5 percent or more was linked to 60 percent higher odds of new or persistent stress <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/overactive-bladder-assessment/default.htm”>urinary incontinence</a>. Grip strength is considered an indicator of overall muscle strength, the study authors said.</p> <p>”Our study found that changes in body composition and grip strength are associated with changes in stress <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/video/urinary-incontinence-exercises”>urinary incontinence</a> frequency over time, but not with changes in urgency urinary incontinence frequency over time,” said the study’s lead author Dr. Anne Suskind. She’s an assistant professor of urology at the University of California, San Francisco.</p> <p>Suskind said that distinguishing between the two <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/womens-guide/urinary-incontinence-in-women-symptoms”>types of urinary incontinence</a> is important.</p> <p>”<a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/america-asks-11/stress”>Stress incontinence</a> is involuntary leakage of <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/rm-quiz-urine-normal”>urine</a> associated with an increase in abdominal pressure (i.e., coughing, laughing, sneezing),” she explained.</p> <p>”Urgency urinary incontinence is involuntary leakage of urine accompanied or immediately preceded by a sense of urgency. The underlying mechanisms of each type of <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/ss/slideshow-overactive-bladder”>incontinence</a> differ and each type of <a onclick=”return sl(this,”,’embd-lnk’);” href=”http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/video/incontinence-types”>incontinence</a> is treated differently,” Suskind said.</p> <p>Stress urinary incontinence tends to happen after delivering children, said Dr. Megan Schimpf. She’s chair of the Public Education Committee for the American Urogynecologic Society.</p> <p>Urgency incontinence may be caused by neurological issues, Schimpf said.</p> <p><em>This article passed through the Full-Text RSS service – if this is your content and you’re reading it on someone else’s site, please read the FAQ at fivefilters.org/content-only/faq.php#publishers.</em><br />Recommended article: <a href=”https://theintercept.com/2016/12/29/the-guardians-summary-of-julian-assanges-interview-went-viral-and-was-completely-false/”>The Guardian’s Summary of Julian Assange’s Interview Went Viral and Was Completely False</a>.</p> Fri, 30 Dec 2016 18:23:07 +0000 Staying Trim, Strong May Cut Incontinence Risk But for women in study, these factors only helped with one type of incontinence http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/logos/webmd/web/webmd-logo-fb.jpg http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/news/20161230/staying-trim-strong-may-cut-risk-of-urinary-incontinence article en text/html http://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/news/20161230/staying-trim-strong-may-cut-risk-of-urinary-incontinence?src=RSS_PUBLIC http://www.webmd.com/diet/obesity/features/weight-loss-tips-you-havent-heard-before?src=RSS_PUBLIC http://www.webmd.com/diet/obesity/features/weight-loss-tips-you-havent-heard-before?src=RSS_PUBLIC <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”1″> <section><p>You probably know the usual weight loss advice by heart: Eat less and move more. While doing both (correctly!) can certainly help you shed pounds, there are other science-backed strategies to make your weight loss journey a little easier — and they’re not what you might expect. Start with these 11 small steps that can add up to big results. </p> </section><section><h2 id=”1-2″>Sleep on It</h2> <aside class=”module-ia module-ia-1 module-ia-video right” data-metric-module=”ia-vid-soc”/><p>Catching enough ZZZs is almost as important as exercise or nutrition if you’re looking to lose weight. Studies link a lack of sleep to feeling hungrier and gaining weight. When you skimp on shut-eye, you’re more likely to eat bigger portions, crave high-carb foods, and choose fatty snacks. Plus, chances are you’ll be too tired to work out  — double whammy. Try to aim for 7 to 8 hours per night.</p> </section><section><h2 id=”1-3″>Spend Less Time at the Gym</h2> <p>Yep, you read that right. Research shows that if you sprint for 30 seconds, rest for 4-6 minutes, and then repeat that at least 4 times, you’ll lose more fat than if you jog or walk at a steady pace for an hour. Big-time savings! Try shorter-interval workouts instead of long, grueling runs. You can also do intervals on a bike, the elliptical, or in the pool — anywhere you can vary your pace and how hard you work. </p> </section><section><h2 id=”1-4″>Check Your Kitchen Counter</h2> <p>Whatever’s on it, you’re probably going to eat it. So keep a bowl with fresh fruit or veggies there, and put the sweet treats out of sight. </p> <p>In a study from Cornell University, women who keep a fresh fruit bowl out in the open weigh 13 pounds less than those don’t. The opposite is also true: The same research found that women who keep cereal boxes or soft drinks visible on their counters tend to weigh more. </p> </section><section><h2 id=”1-5″>Cut Back on Cardio</h2> <aside class=”module-ia module-ia-2 module-ia-image left” data-metric-module=”ia-img-soc”><div class=”main”><img class=”image” src=”http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/article_thumbnails/features/_2016/12_2016/ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features/650x350_ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features.jpg” alt=””/> </div> </aside><p>If you’re a cardio devotee, it’s time to broaden your workouts for a bigger payoff. Try to add two to three strength training sessions  to your weekly workout schedule. The reason? Lifting weights builds lean muscle mass, which raises your metabolism and helps your body burn more fat, even when you’re at rest. Use free weights, weight machines at a gym, resistance bands, or even your own body weight to do moves like squats, planks, and pushups. (Try this <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/features/body-weight-workout-video” data-metrics-link=””>10-minute body weight workout.</a>)</p> </section></div> <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”2″> <section><h2 id=”2-6″>Rethink Your Smoothie</h2> <p>You may see a lot of delicious-looking green smoothies on your Instagram feed, but don’t be fooled: Juices and smoothies aren’t a dieter’s dream. Studies show that our bodies don’t register calories from liquid foods as well as those from solid foods, so you may slurp down way more than you realize through that straw. Plus, if you load them with coconut milk and almond butter, you’ll want to keep the serving size small, or you’ll get a lot more calories than you bargained for. Go for whole foods that require a fork or spoon.   </p> </section><section><h2 id=”2-7″>Stop Fearing Fat</h2> <p>No, this doesn’t give you free rein to indulge in a carton of ice cream. But “good” fats, like the ones found in nuts, fish, olive oil, and avocado, play an important role in a healthy diet. Research shows that these unsaturated fats can curb your appetite, sending a message to your brain to stop eating when you’re full. </p> <p>What’s more: “Fat-free” or “low-fat” snacks are often loaded with sugar, refined grains, or starches to replace the flavor lost from fat. Your body quickly digests these refined carbs, raising your blood sugar and insulin levels and making you gain weight.    </p> </section><section><h2 id=”2-8″>Limit Your Choices</h2> <p>Having too many flavors or choices on your plate can actually boost your appetite, research shows. To combat temptation, stick with one main flavor profile (Asian or Italian, for example) per meal. Don’t overload your senses by putting pesto pasta, barbecue chicken, and salad topped with sesame-miso vinaigrette all on one plate.</p> </section><section><h2 id=”2-9″>Watch Your Late-Night Nibbles</h2> <aside class=”module-ia module-ia-3 module-ia-image left” data-metric-module=”ia-img-soc”><div class=”main”><img class=”image” src=”http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/article_thumbnails/features/_2016/12_2016/ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features/650x350_ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features_alt1.jpg” alt=””/> </div> </aside><p>Those snacks right before you turn in can really set you back. People who stop eating earlier in the evening take in nearly 250 fewer calories per day, on average, than those who chow down later at night, according to a study from Northwestern University. This can lead to a gain of up to 2 pounds per month. </p> <p>Researchers found that late-night eaters go for more high-calorie foods like soda, and fewer fruits and veggies. So if you do snack before bed, make a smarter choice with one of <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/diet/ss/slideshow-100-calorie-snacks” data-metrics-link=””>these 100-calorie snack options</a>. </p> </section></div> <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”3″> <section><h2 id=”3-10″>Make Peace With Carbs</h2> <p>You don’t have to give up carbs all together: Quality is more important than quantity. Choose whole grains, which are lower on the glycemic index, a measure of how fast a food raises your blood sugar. Opt for complex carbs (think whole-wheat bread, barley, or oats) as opposed to refined grains (such as white bread, white pasta, and breakfast cereals). Research has shown that whole grains may help keep hunger at bay and can help prevent weight gain in men and women. </p> </section><section><h2 id=”3-11″>Put Away Your Big Bowls</h2> <aside class=”module-ia module-ia4 module-ia-slideshow right” data-metric-module=”ia-ss-soc”/><p>Eating from larger dinnerware not only tricks you into eating more, but it can also lead you to believe you ate less, according to research from Cornell University’s Food and Brand Lab. People who ate from larger cereal bowls ate 16% more cereal than those who had smaller bowls — although they believed they ate 7% less! Swap your large plates and bowls for smaller versions (about 9 inches wide for plates) and you may find it easier to eat less.    </p> </section><section><h2 id=”3-12″>Savor Each Bite</h2> <p>Research has shown that mindful eating can help people avoid unhealthy food choices — not that you need to become a Zen master. Eating mindfully is simple: </p><p>•    Notice the smell, flavor, color, and texture of your food.</p><p>•    Avoid distractions like watching TV while eating.</p><p>•    Take your time (20 minutes per meal is a good gauge). </p><p>•    You can also try eating with the opposite hand that you usually use, or try chopsticks to slow yourself down while eating.   </p> </section><footer> <h4 data-toggle-selector=”.sources” data-toggle-relation=”parent”><span class=”sources”>Sources</span></h4> <div> <p><span class=”sources”>National Institutes of Health.</span></p><p>Cornell University Food and Brand Lab.</p><p>Northwestern University.</p><p>Harvard University School of Public Health.</p><p><em>International Journal of Obesity.</em></p><p>Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.</p> </div> <span class=”copyright”>© 2016 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.</span></footer></div> <p><em>This article passed through the Full-Text RSS service – if this is your content and you’re reading it on someone else’s site, please read the FAQ at fivefilters.org/content-only/faq.php#publishers.</em><br />Recommended article: <a href=”https://theintercept.com/2016/12/29/the-guardians-summary-of-julian-assanges-interview-went-viral-and-was-completely-false/”>The Guardian’s Summary of Julian Assange’s Interview Went Viral and Was Completely False</a>.</p> Fri, 30 Dec 2016 16:40:31 +0000 Weight Loss Tips You Haven’t Heard Before Follow these 11 doable strategies, all backed by research, to reach your goals. http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/article_thumbnails/features/_2016/12_2016/ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features/650x350_ways_to_lose_weight_you_havent_heard_before_features_alt2.jpg http://www.webmd.com/diet/obesity/features/weight-loss-tips-you-havent-heard-before article en text/html http://www.webmd.com/diet/obesity/features/weight-loss-tips-you-havent-heard-before?src=RSS_PUBLIC http://www.webmd.com/news/20161230/pot-may-restrict-blood-flow-to-brain-study?src=RSS_PUBLIC http://www.webmd.com/news/20161230/pot-may-restrict-blood-flow-to-brain-study?src=RSS_PUBLIC <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”1″> <section><p>By Dennis Thompson</p> <p><em>HealthDay Reporter</em></p> </section><section><p>FRIDAY, Dec. 30, 2016 (HealthDay News) — <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/marijuana-use-and-its-effects” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>Marijuana</a> appears to hamper <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/heart/anatomy-picture-of-blood” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>blood</a> flow to the <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/brain/picture-of-the-brain” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>brain</a>, which theoretically could affect your memory and ability to reason, a new study suggests.</p> <p>Brain scans of nearly 1,000 past and present marijuana users revealed abnormally low <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/rm-quiz-blood-basics” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”tools”>blood</a> flow throughout their brains, compared with a smaller control group of 92 people who’d never used pot.</p> <p>”The differences were astonishing,” said lead researcher Dr. Daniel Amen, a psychiatrist and founder of the U.S.-based Amen Clinics. “Virtually every area of the <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/brain/ss/slideshow-concussions-brain-injuries” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”slideshow”>brain</a> we measured was lower in blood flow and activity in the marijuana smokers than in the healthy group.”</p> <p>Blood flow was lowest in the hippocampus of marijuana users, which Amen found most troubling.</p> <p>”The hippocampus is the gateway to memory, to get memories into long-term storage,” Amen said. “That area distinguished healthy people from pot smokers better than any other area of the <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/brain/rm-quiz-amazing-brain” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”tools”>brain</a>.”</p> <p>For this study, Amen and his colleagues evaluated brain scan data collected at nine outpatient neuropsychiatric clinics across the United States. The patients had sought treatment of complex psychological or neurological problems.</p> <p>The brain scans relied on a technology called single-photon <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/cancer/lymphoma/positron-emission-tomography” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>emission computed tomography</a>, or SPECT, which can be used to track blood flow throughout the body.</p> <p>The researchers found 982 patients in the database who had been diagnosed with cannabis use disorder. People with this diagnosis have used marijuana so heavily that it has affected their health, their work or their family life.</p> <p>The researchers found they could reliably distinguish the brains of marijuana users by checking blood flow to the hippocampus. Marijuana use is believed to interfere with memory formation by inhibiting activity in the hippocampus, which is the brain’s key memory and learning center.</p> <p>”The growing lore in our country is that marijuana is innocuous, it’s good medicine and it should be legalized,” Amen said. “This research directly challenges that notion.”</p> <p>Twenty-six states and the District of Columbia now have laws legalizing marijuana in some form, primarily for medical purposes.</p> <p>Although smoking is bad for the brain, Amen said blood flow was reduced even in marijuana users who ingest the drug rather than smoke it.</p> </section></div> <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”2″> <h4 class=”continue-reading”>Continued</h4> <section><p>”We’ve also seen it with people who don’t smoke, who get marijuana in cookies or ingest it in other ways,” he said.</p> <p>While the study doesn’t establish a direct cause-and-effect relationship, the researchers concluded that doctors should think twice before recommending marijuana in the treatment of someone with <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/default.htm” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>Alzheimer’s disease</a>.</p> <p>The findings “raise important questions about the impact of marijuana use on normal function in areas of the brain important to memory and thinking,” said Maria Carrillo, chief science officer for the Alzheimer’s Association.</p> <p>”Sustained inadequate blood flow can damage and eventually kill cells anywhere in the body,” Carrillo said. “Since the brain has one of the body’s richest networks of blood vessels, it is especially vulnerable. These vessels deliver nutrients to the brain and carry away waste, which is vital for normal cognitive function.”</p> <p>However, Carrillo added, “we cannot tell from this study whether marijuana use increases a person’s risk for cognitive decline or <a href=”http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/guide/understanding-alzheimers-disease-basics” data-metrics-link=”” data-crosslink-type=”article”>Alzheimer’s</a>.”</p> <p>Other experts raised concerns that the marijuana users who underwent the brain scans had been seeking treatment for psychiatric problems. They said this could skew the results.</p> <p>For example, the study reports that 62 percent of the marijuana group had attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, 47 percent had traumatic brain injury, and 35 percent had major depressive disorder.</p> <p>”It looks as if the cannabis users were all referred to the clinic for some problem while the healthy controls were not,” said Mitch Earleywine, an advisory board member for NORML, which advocates for marijuana legalization. He’s also a professor of psychology at the State University of New York at Albany.</p> <p>Neurologist Dr. Terry Fife of Phoenix, Ariz., agreed with Earleywine.</p> <p>”You really want to know that the only thing different between the two groups is the use of marijuana, and we can’t tell that here,” said Fife, a fellow of the American Academy of Neurology.</p> <p>Fife added that the study does not show the extent of the participants’ marijuana use, outside of their diagnosis for cannabis use disorder. “It’s unclear how much of a user these users were,” he said.</p> </section></div> <div class=”article-page active-page” data-page=”3″> <h4 class=”continue-reading”>Continued</h4> <section><p>Fife concluded that the possible link between marijuana and Alzheimer’s disease will need further research.</p> <p>”I wouldn’t say it’s a risk factor, but it could be an aggravator of the disorder,” Fife said. “If it’s true that it reduces the function of the hippocampus, it could in theory make the memory a little worse, but Alzheimer’s is much more complicated than just memory.”</p> <p>The report was published recently in the <em>Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease</em>.</p> </section><footer><div class=”publication-info”><span class=”publication” itemprop=”publisher”>WebMD News from HealthDay</span></div> <h4 data-toggle-selector=”.sources” data-toggle-relation=”parent”><span class=”sources”>Sources</span></h4> <div><span class=”sources”>SOURCES: Daniel Amen, M.D., psychiatrist and founder, Amen Clinics; Maria Carrillo, Ph.D., chief science officer, Alzheimer’s Association; Mitch Earleywine, Ph.D., advisory board member, NORML, and professor, psychology, State University of New York at Albany; Terry Fife, M.D., neurologist, Phoenix; November 2016 <em>Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease</em></span></div> <span class=”copyright”><img class=”copyright-logo” src=”http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/logos/vendor/healthday_logo_81x25.jpg” alt=”” title=””/></span> Copyright © 2013-2016 HealthDay. All rights reserved.</footer></div> <p><em>This article passed through the Full-Text RSS service – if this is your content and you’re reading it on someone else’s site, please read the FAQ at fivefilters.org/content-only/faq.php#publishers.</em><br />Recommended article: <a href=”https://theintercept.com/2016/12/29/the-guardians-summary-of-julian-assanges-interview-went-viral-and-was-completely-false/”>The Guardian’s Summary of Julian Assange’s Interview Went Viral and Was Completely False</a>.</p> Fri, 30 Dec 2016 14:22:42 +0000 Pot May Restrict Blood Flow to Brain: Study It’s too early to say if this contributes to mental decline, Alzheimer’s expert says http://img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/logos/webmd/web/webmd-logo-fb.jpg http://www.webmd.com/news/20161230/pot-may-restrict-blood-flow-to-brain-study article en text/html http://www.webmd.com/news/20161230/pot-may-restrict-blood-flow-to-brain-study?src=RSS_PUBLIC

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