Europe Edition: Istanbul, Baghdad, Benjamin Netanyahu: Your Tuesday Briefing

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Good morning.

Here’s what you need to know:

• The Turkish authorities are hunting for the gunman who opened fire at an Istanbul nightclub on New Year’s Day, killing at least 39 people from no fewer than 12 countries.

The Islamic State claimed him as “a hero soldier of the caliphate” and appeared to refer to Turkey’s role in the Syrian war.

The group also claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in Baghdad, which killed at least 36 people hours after President François Hollande of France arrived in the Iraqi capital.

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• House Republicans surprised Washington by voting to hobble a congressional ethics office with no advance notice. The full House will consider the move today as the most powerful Republican-led Congress in 20 years goes into session, promising to roll back many of President Obama’s signature policies.

Faced with North Korea’s threat to test an intercontinental ballistic missile, President-elect Donald J. Trump took to Twitter to declare bluntly, “It won’t happen!”

Over the weekend, Mr. Trump promised to reveal “things that other people don’t know,” possibly as soon as today, about assessments that Russia interfered in the U.S. election.

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Dozens of U.S. Special Operations forces are in the Baltics to deter any Russian efforts to destabilize the former Soviet republics. But whether they will stay after Mr. Trump takes office is an open question.

One of the Kremlin’s most ardent sympathizers among European leaders is Milos Zeman, the Czech president. A Russian oil firm paid a large court fine owed by one of his aides, spurring accusations that Moscow was buying influence.

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A new law grants French workers the “right to disconnect.” Though not a ban on work-related email after hours, as it has been caricatured, the law does empower workers to occasionally draw the line when an employer’s demands intrude on their free time.

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Business

European regulators are poised to confront American tech giants like Google, Apple and Facebook this year over issues including privacy and taxes, possibly forcing them to change how they operate.

• SpaceX said it would resume rocket launches as early as Sunday.

• Several ads from major U.S. companies prominently feature Muslims as part of an inclusive marketing strategy.

• Thinking about asking for a raise or changing jobs? Here’s some advice on retuning your career.

• And here are some ways to save on all aspects of travel in the coming year. (Spoiler: Consider Britain.)

Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

Graphic | What the Markets Are Doing

In the News

• Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel was questioned by police investigators, indicating that a graft inquiry has become a criminal investigation. [The New York Times]

• Dozens of scientists urged President-elect Donald J. Trump not to dismantle the Iran nuclear deal, calling it a strong bulwark against any Iranian bid to make nuclear arms. [The New York Times]

• Marine Le Pen, the French far-right presidential candidate, said she would borrow 6 million euros from her father’s political fund to finance her campaign after her party’s Russian lender failed. [Bloomberg News]

• A prison battle in Brazil between gangs fighting for control of the cocaine trade left about 60 inmates dead, some decapitated. [The New York Times]

• A Moroccan woman was arrested in Ceuta, the Spanish enclave in North Africa, for trying to smuggle a man from Gabon in a suitcase. [El País]

• The corruption trial of Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, scion of the ruling family of Equatorial Guinea, has begun in France. [The Guardian]

• A cache of notes left by Richard M. Nixon’s closest aide shows that Mr. Nixon, while a presidential candidate, sabotaged a 1968 peace initiative that could have brought the Vietnam War to an early end. [The New York Times]

• A “disgrace”: That is how a cardinal referred to Rome’s latest McDonald’s, which opened in a Vatican-owned building within eyeshot of St. Peter’s Square. [The New York Times]

Noteworthy

• Roger Federer, the tennis champion, marked his comeback from injury with a confident victory in Australia.

• In memoriam: John Berger, the British author of “Ways of Seeing”; Hilarion Capucci, the Greek Catholic archbishop once jailed for smuggling arms for Palestinians; and Jean Vuarnet, the first skiing champion to use metal skis.

• J.R.R. Tolkien, the author of “The Lord of the Rings,” was born 125 years ago today. Fans around the world plan to toast “The Professor” at 9 p.m. in their time zones.

• Dinosaur eggs took six months or more to hatch, new research suggests.

• As a spell of colder weather is expected to reach Europe soon, we have a timely guide to building an igloo.

• Making muffins sounds like a New Year’s resolution that most of us can embrace.

Back Story

“I Can’t Drive 55,” the rocker Sammy Hagar once famously wailed, but 43 years ago this week, he and every other American driver were faced with obeying the first federal speed limit.

Setting speed limits had been the states’ responsibility. But in 1973, OPEC cut oil shipments to the United States for supporting Israel in a war with its Arab neighbors.

The embargo hit the American economy hard. In 1974, President Richard M. Nixon signed the Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act, lowering the speed limit to reduce consumption.

And American car buyers sought out more fuel-efficient vehicles, turning to a country that had not yet been celebrated for automaking: Japan.

The debate over road safety and speed limits continued for decades, and in 1995, President Bill Clinton repealed the federal limit, returning the power to the states. In parts of Texas, drivers can legally go 85 m.p.h.

That’s the fastest in the country, though it’s slower than a few places in the world. Stretches of Germany’s autobahn have no maximum limit.

It’s a far cry from one of the earliest speed restrictions. In 1901, Connecticut limited some drivers to 12 miles per hour.

Chris Stanford contributed reporting.

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