Here’s what you need to know:
• Frictions between American intelligence agencies and Donald J. Trump’s incoming administration are worsening.
At a Senate committee hearing, the director of national intelligence, James R. Clapper Jr., above, criticized the “disparagement” of the intelligence community over its findings that Russia interfered in the presidential election. Bolstered by the support of senators from both parties, he will brief Mr. Trump today.
Mr. Trump is expected to name retired Senator Dan Coats, a former ambassador to Germany, to replace Mr. Clapper as early as today.
• Diplomats say that Mr. Trump’s transition staff has broken with decades of precedent by requiring politically appointed ambassadors to leave their overseas posts by Inauguration Day, threatening to leave the U.S. without Senate-confirmed envoys for months in critical nations like Germany and Britain.
A joint session of Congress today is to officially name Mr. Trump the 45th president of the United States.
Human rights experts worry that if the incoming president keeps his campaign promises to reinstate the sort of torture used in the Bush-era war on terrorism, authoritarian regimes around the world would see a green light to carry out abuses.
• Turkey suffered yet another terrorist attack, this one attributed to Kurdish militants. A police officer and a court worker, as well as the two attackers, were killed in a car bomb and gun assault on a courthouse in the city of Izmir.
• Cédric Herrou has become something of a folk hero in France for resisting the state and taking a stand: that it is simply right to help migrants seeking a better life. Mr. Herrou is facing prison for operating a loosely knit underground railroad to smuggle migrants north, many destined for Britain or Germany.
A court in the southern French city of Nice is expected to issue a verdict today on charges against a university lecturer accused of giving a ride to three female Eritrean migrants.
• China intends to spend more than $360 billion through 2020 on renewable power sources like solar and wind.
• France ordered a large cull of ducks to contain a severe outbreak of bird flu.
• Ford Motor’s announcement that it would incorporate Amazon’s Alexa into its vehicles is but one of many recent efforts by automakers to improve voice-recognition systems.
• The final U.S. jobs report for 2016, due today, is expected to extend the country’s longest streak of job growth on record.
• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
In the News
• A Greek anarchist considered the country’s most-wanted terrorist, above, has been arrested in an Athens suburb. [The New York Times]
• A Turkish court sentenced two officers accused of participating in a failed coup in July to life in prison. [Hurriyet]
• Anis Amri, the Tunisian man accused of driving a truck into a Berlin Christmas market, killing 12 people, had used 14 aliases, the police in Germany said. [BBC]
• Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel was questioned a second time by the police about potentially improper gifts and favors. [The New York Times]
• The U.S. named Hamza bin Laden, a son of Osama bin Laden, a “global terrorist” in an effort to hamper his movements and transactions. [The New York Times]
• Britain sent envoys to Washington to improve ties with the incoming Trump administration and prepare for Prime Minister Theresa May’s visit in the spring. [The Guardian]
• And senior British civil servants have called for higher pay to compensate for “unsustainable” workloads caused by the country’s plans to leave the European Union. [Press Association]
• Frank Ntilikina, an 18-year-old from France, is widely considered the best prospect in European basketball and one of the most intriguing players expected to be available in the N.B.A. draft this summer.
• U.S. health experts, in a major reversal, called for parents to give their children foods containing peanuts, starting in infancy, to help ward off life-threatening peanut allergies.
• Movie awards season kicks into high gear on Sunday with the Golden Globes, and Oscar voting is underway. Here is our podcast discussion of four films you should know about: “Fences,” “Passengers,” “La La Land” and “Patriots Day.”
• “Are my thoughts helping to build me up, or tear me down?” A psychologist asks this question to help overcome negativity. Controlled breathing may help, too. Here are more bits of advice.
• In 2017, art lovers can look forward to splashy new museums and exhibitions: The Louvre’s outpost in Abu Dhabi will open, London’s Victoria & Albert Museum is getting a $50-million-plus upgrade, and the British Library is commemorating the 20th anniversary of the inception of the world’s most famous wizard, Harry Potter.
We have begun the new year with political upheavals spreading across nearly every continent. But 100 years ago, several seismic shifts shaped our modern world.
As World War I raged, the monarchy in Russia was collapsing, leading to the formation of the Soviet Union a few years later.
Finland gained its independence as a result. It’s celebrating the anniversary with new passports and special blankets for newborns. The state of Israel hadn’t been created by then, but the British foreign secretary’s “Balfour Declaration” laid the diplomatic foundation for the state of Israel.
The United States entered what was then known as the Great War, a milestone in its rise toward becoming a superpower. One lawmaker who voted against sending troops was a historical figure. Jeannette Rankin took office in 1917 as the country’s first woman in Congress. She later helped pass the 19th Amendment, giving women voting rights.
Not all of this year’s centennials, though, are tied to war and politics.
In 1917, the United States gave a Swedish immigrant a patent for his “separable fastener,” also known as a zipper. And a Massachusetts resident tinkering in his kitchen concocted something that you might eat for dessert tonight that includes sugar, egg whites and vanilla.
It’s known today as Marshmallow Fluff.
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